They represent management concepts that helped in smooth administration of these civilizations. The Permanent Secretary and his subordinates may have been examining a particular issue through the exchange of minutes in the file. Its focus is specifically on public bureaucracy. BBC Four, 3 April, 1.05-2.25am. Nnoli, O. Hon. A matter may have been subject of consideration in the department and on which the Minister and his officials have exchanged minutes in the file, each one expressing his own views as a result of the data and information assembled on the issue. Q1. It is the machinery for implementing government policies to ensure stability and continuity at all times irrespective of any government in power even during period of crises. (2007). According to Administrative theory of Management, the five basic elements of management are: 1. They deal with; foreign governments at the same time as they must oversee internal and external trade, the industrial and agricultural growth of the country; this involves embarking on measures that will create a conducive environment for both foreign and local investors, the health of the population by establishing specialists and general hospitals as well as clinics for tertiary, secondary and primary health care delivery and maintenance of facilities therein, educational development through setting up of primary, secondary, and tertiary as well as Universities across the nation, most significant is also the servicing of these institutions, governments across the world have a demanding task of power generation which is the life wire of all the economic and social activities, the task of ensuring both internal and external security remains one of the topmost activities of government, security challenges have increased over the years, aware of the vast needs of the public and the lean resources always at the disposal of governments, governments have the responsibilities of employing effective measures for management of state resources, encouragement of development in science and technology: governments embark on measures aimed at encouraging scientific and technological innovations and promotion of sporting activities: Various sporting activities are encouraged by the government to keep her citizens healthy and entertain the populace (Nnoli, 2003). Enugu: Snaap Press Limited. Humans can never achieve the kind of error-free performance that machinesPP&E (Property, Plant and Equipment)PP&E (Property, Plant, and Equipment) is one of the core non-current assets found on the balance sheet. The chief executive may be the President of the nation, the Governor of a state, the Vice Chancellor of a University, a Minister of State, a State Commissioner or the Chairman of a statutory corporation or any governmental agency. Ujo, A.A. (2004). There is the need for a clerk to file the letters, others to gather information, still others to ensure that the conditions of work are agreeable to the civil servants, some to post letters, keep documents, write memoranda, gather statistics, negotiate with individuals and groups, and so on and so forth. He went further to say that Public Administration covers every area and activity related to public policy. In ancient India,Kautilya’s Arthashastra discussed principles amd machinery of Public Administration,the Arthashastra is considered as the first textbook on public administration. Public Administration is, generally believed to be, a study that deals with the science of getting things done in the most efficient way in the political system. They may be provided by local or national monopolies, especially in sectors which are natural monopolies. From the foregoing, one can see certain uses and process from the bedrock of the responsibilities of a government. ... the previous theories of Public Administration are seen as anachronistic (Cabo 73). It was believed that there are certain In order to settle disputes between parties, it must conciliate and negotiate. Public administration is “centrally concerned with the organization of government policies and programmes as well as the behavior of officials (usually non-elected) formally responsible for their conduct” Many unelected public servants can be considered to be public administrators, including heads of city, county, regional, state and federal departments such as municipal budget directors, human resources (H.R.) The second stage of administrative theory was marked by the same fervor of reinforcing the Wilsonian view of Public Administration of politics-administration dichotomy and evolve a value neutral or rather value free science of management. Fair remuneration 8. The Theory of Public Administration and Management: “Public Administration Is My Career”, September 22, 2015 (SSB) —- Public administration is the implementation of government policy and an academic discipline that studies this implementation and prepares civil servants for working in the public service. The word ‘public’ is used in a variety of ways. In Bureaucratic management ...Classical Management theory and Human Relations theory have played an vital role in the history of modern management .It is two qualitative leap of modern management system. It is the government’s bureaucracy that is responsible for conducting or supervising surveys to assess the existence of; various minerals within the country, the unused agricultural potential of the nation, resource endowment with respect to the organization of industrial enterprises, the availability of the various categories of labor force and the various resources that can be procured from external sources, as well as the prices for their procurement. Many of these theories gave rise to the leadership approaches commonly used to guide and grow organizations today, and you can choose from among them to identify the strategies that will work best for you and your team. Contain job vacancies and openings for South Sudanese Nationals. Egyptian President to Visit Juba, as War Rages in Ethiopia amidst Regional Dispute over Renaissance Dam, Mamarasakit: Why Women’s Unity is Vital for the Realization of Gender Equality in South Sudan, Let’s Stand in Solidarity with the Impoverished Students of the Five Public Universities in South Sudan, Challenges Facing Learners with Disabilities in South Sudan, Mr. Majur Achol Athou: Successes and Weaknesses of the outgoing BCYA Leader, Short story: The girl with small vagina for three men, Top 12 Famous South Sudanese Artists of All Time, THERE IS NO MAN’S LAND IN SOUTH SUDAN: A CASE FOR RAMCIEL CITY, My Small Concern: Is Traditional Facial Scarification Still Being Practiced among the Nuer Community in South Sudan. From his assertion, we can deduce that Public Administration is basically concerned with the study of how a country’s administration is organized as well as how it functions. In some countries it organizes the provision of housing, day care facilities for pre -school children and public transportation. So many processes are involved in the making and implementation of government policies that apart from the problem of high level expertise there is the problem of an intricate division of labour that must be solved. It often recounts major historical foundations for the study of bureaucracy as well as epistemological issues associated with public service as a profession and as an academic field. * SCIENTIFIC MANAGEMENT Theory which focuses on production work flows and productivity of individual workers, Many scholars tried to give us the exact definition of the term “management”. This peculiarity arises out of the fact that public administration is an action part of government, the means by which the purposes and goals of government are realized. Some important areas are then put in perspective for discussion so as to ascertain the level to which public administration functions. Such resource management has as its goal the task of ensuring that government programs are tailored to the resources available to the government, and to eliminate all waste in harnessing these resources to the relevant government programs. Dr. John Garang’s Speech on the Conclusion of the CPA, January 9, 2005. In most cases public services are services, i.e. A permanent professional and political dialogue is fundamental for the process of defining these tasks and functions, leading to new economic, legal and other solutions. The focus of public administration lies in providing public services. in the area of consumer protection, also with a view to the EU criteria). The decision to prepare the memorandum in a department may originate directly from the Minister/ Commissioners who are the political heads of departments or the permanent secretary. Answer: The 14 principles of management by Henri Fayol are: 1. Administrative Management Theory was developed by French industrialist and mining engineer by profession, Henry Fayol. Bulletin of the Committee to Restore the Constitution, 324, February. Ezeani, E. O. MacRae and Pitt (1980), sees it as the co-ordination of men and materials within organization for the accomplishment of identified purposes. Public administration has come to occupy a central place in the complex and fast changing modern society. The other difference between these two is, the administrative theory focuses on improving the efficiency of management first so that the processes can be standardized and then moves to the operational level where the individual workers are made to learn the changes and implement those in their routine jobs. Public officials in the civil service, in the universities, local government service, statutory corporations, etc. Public administration can also be seen as the activities of groups cooperating to accomplish the common goals of government. … In his 1916 book, Administration Industrielle et Générale (Industrial and General Administration), Fayol proposed the following 14 principles of management: [1] Division of Work. Lagos: Concept. South Sudan’s Development Agenda: What Role Can China Play? He was contemporary to Taylor. It will also be necessary to hold consultations with representatives of sectional groups and to reconcile conflicting interests and points of view. The organisational structure indicates the method that an organisation employs to delineate lines of communication, authorities, policies and responsibilities. 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