Ciara Ryan, Seamus Walsh, Mary Curley, Conor Murphy, Rhonda McGovern, 'Ireland's pre-1940 daily rainfall data', [dataset], Met Éireann, 2020-01-16. The principal NRFA catchment rainfall information is the catchment daily rainfall … Lucan G.S. Our historic station data consists of: Mean daily maximum temperature (tmax) Mean daily … In general, such changes were recorded on the station record and subsequently transcribed to the metadata files. Licence Statement: This data is published under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0). Ciara Ryan, Irish Climate Analysis and Research Units, Department of Geography, Maynooth University, Maynooth, Co. Kildare, Ireland. This file contains a list of list of monthly totals/averages for our synoptic station in Sherkin Island. Daily rainfall observed at 114 sites throughout Ireland was transcribed as part of this work (Figure 4). Stations were selected based on record length, continuity and spatial distribution. Ciara Ryan, Seamus Walsh, Mary Curley, Conor Murphy, Rhonda McGovern, 'Ireland's pre-1940 daily rainfall data', [dataset], Met Éireann, 2020-01-16: en: dc.description.abstract: This dataset is under embargo until 31st Jan 2021. Rainfall in the west generally averages between 1000 and 1250 mm. Table 2 provides a quick reference to the different units of measurement used at each station. The data, which was double keyed, have undergone basic quality assurance to check for transcription errors and the resultant raw data and associated metadata are presented here. The records are known as the ‘Rainfall Registers’ and contain daily rainfall data and station metadata from various locations throughout Ireland. In 1900, the network founded by Symons became known as the British Rainfall Organisation and was later (in 1919) formally transferred to the aegis of the British Meteorological Office. Disclaimer: Met Éireann does not accept any liability whatsoever for any error or omission in the data, their availability, or for any loss or damage arising from their use. The comprehensive monthly series builds on the work of Noone et al. This will be undertaken prior to the application of further, more sophisticated, quality‐assurance techniques. The best time to visit Ireland is the summer, from June to August, since it is the mildest of the year: the rains are frequent, the air is often very cool (especially in June), it's better to bring a jacket and umbrella (or rather a raincoat as it often rains in the wind), but the days are long, and you can hope to see the sun peeking through the clouds. These preliminary observed rainfall graphics are automatically updated daily to show the last 1-, 2-, 3-, 5-, 7-, and 10-day rainfall totals. The indicator value provides information about the nature of the observation and identifies multiday accumulations. Please note that timestamps of rainfall are to GMT and daily totals represent the 24 hour period from 9am each day. The National River Flow Archive provides catchment rainfall time series and statistics to assist in the analysis and understanding of river flow data. in Co. Dublin. Northern Ireland is a region with a significant rainfall. In Section 3, we describe the process of checking for errors in the transcribed data. Rainfall. 1 km gridded estimates of daily and monthly rainfall for Great-Britain and Northern Ireland (together with approximately 3000 km2 of catchment in the Republic of Ireland) from 1890 to 2017. In addition, digital images of station records for Kells (Headfort) and the National University of Ireland (NUI), Galway were obtained from the National Library of Ireland and NUIG, respectively. Providing access to these records, along with an inventory of what is available is important to promote collaborations and knowledge sharing between interested stakeholders. Here are some average weather facts we collected from our historical climate data: The warmest month is August with an average maximum temperature of 18°C (64°F). Further, the data rescue project developed by Ryan et al., (2018) as a collaboration between Met Éireann and Maynooth University will continue as an integral part of the Climate Change module delivered by Dr. Murphy. https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/ The data presented here are the raw data and associated metadata. The transcription from digital image to data format was undertaken in collaboration with students at Maynooth University as part of a novel crowdsourcing initiative to integrate data rescue activities into the classroom. Individual folders containing a data file and metadata file are available for each station, Number of stations each year for which daily rainfall data was transcribed. Individual station folders contain two files: a data file in ASCII format and a corresponding metadata text file as described in section 2.4 . Here are some average weather facts we collected from our historical climate data: The warmest month is August with an average maximum temperature of 18°C (64°F). Observations are quality controlled and archived in Met Éireann's database. Data extracted from the meteorological registers were recorded in millimetres from the start of record up to 1914/15 when the unit of measurement changed to inches. A separate section for ‘Notes’ provides a transcription of any handwritten notes recorded on the original record by the observer. {"type": "Point", "coordinates": [-6.5, 53.4]}. Figure 1 shows the gauge locations and periods of record. The data are collected by observation stations across the UK and transmitted within the following message types: WADRAIN, NCM, AWSDLY, DLY3208, SSER and WAMRAIN. Use the Text or Map search below to view daily and monthly statistics, historical weather observations, rainfall, temperature and solar tables, graphs and data.. For additional data types, or specifc dates and localities go to: Weather Station Directory *By submitting this form you consent to subscribing to our mailing-list and receiving information from the Open Data Unit in the Department of Public Expenditure and Reform about open data news and events. Northern Ireland Climate In Northern Ireland, the climate is warm and temperate. Find historical weather by searching for a city, zip code, or airport code. Additional stations that could potentially be used to infill gaps in long‐term data series were also included. The earliest available observations taken at Irish sites are from 1864. The dataset comprises daily rainfall data for 114 stations at various locations throughout Ireland for varying time periods. Rainfall Data Published by: Met Éireann 0 ... Daily and monthly rainfall records for our station at Lucan G.S. Formatting * Users must remove attribution if requested by Met Éireann. * Adapt — remix, transform, and build upon the material for any purpose, even commercially. The data are freely available from the edepositIreland data centre (http://hdl.handle.net/2262/91347). From 1684 to 1686, William Molyneux and George Ashe, under the auspices of the Dublin Philosophical Society, documented weather at Trinity College, Dublin. The annual rainfall in Ireland is in the ample range of 762mm (30") to 1524mm (60"). To facilitate the transcription of rainfall observations from paper records, the historical manuscripts were scanned and integrated into Met Éireann's digital archives. These files provide information on station name and location, observer, record length, missing data, diameter of gauge, changes in gauge height, gauge pattern, time of observation, unit of measurement and distance to nearest railway station. Cooperative Network stations, The Irish meteorological service: The first fifty years, Traditional weather observing in the UK: An historical overview, The comprehensive pacific rainfall database, Hourly weather observations from the Scottish Highlands (1883–1904) rescued by volunteer citizen scientists, Quality control of pre‐1948 cooperative observer network data, Reconstruction of a long‐term historical daily maximum and minimum air temperature network dataset for Ireland (1831–1968), Stormiest winter on record for Ireland and UK, A 305‐year continuous monthly rainfall series for the island of Ireland (1711–2016), Multi‐century trends to wetter winters and drier summers in the England and Wales precipitation series explained by observational and sampling bias in early records, Homogenization and analysis of an expanded long‐term monthly rainfall network for the Island of Ireland (1850–2010), A 250‐year drought catalogue for the island of Ireland (1765–2015), Integrating data rescue into the classroom, Meteorological Observations in Ireland 1855‐1976: an archival Finding Aid, Setting the scene: the climate of Ireland 1900‐2012, An evaluation of persistent meteorological drought using a homogeneous Island of Ireland precipitation network, Guidelines on Best Practices for Climate Data Rescue 2016, https://doi.org/10.5194/essd‐10‐1613‐2018, https://doi.org/10.1002/j.1477‐8696.1952.tb01449.x. In February 2020, more than 200 millimeters of rain fell in the UK, making it the wettest month since December 2015. Ireland is a region with a significant rainfall. The work was facilitated by the provision of student aids including written guidelines, transcription templates with an automated quality‐assurance check, a video tutorial, in‐class workshops and an online discussion forum. Individual pages were scanned as high quality tif files and categorized using the standard naming convention adopted by Met Éireann. ## Licence Work is currently underway to produce a network of long term, quality assured daily rainfall stations using the datasets whose generation is described in this paper. These records are the earliest surviving observations compiled with the aid of accurate instruments. However, until now there has not been a concerted effort to construct a long‐term daily rainfall series for Ireland using historical records. Click on the map will diplay a rainfall time series plot. . proximity to buildings) effect the accuracy and consistency of observations (Kunkel et al., 2005; Daly et al., 2007; Green et al., 2008). Observers recorded data from a selection of instruments that measured temperature, pressure, precipitation, sunshine and other fields. (2015) which developed a monthly rainfall series for 25 stations throughout Ireland for the period 1850–2015. Learn more about the Open Practices badges from the Center for OpenScience: https://osf.io/tvyxz/wiki. Identifier: http://hdl.handle.net/2262/91347, Creator: C. Ryan, C. Murphy, R. McGovern, M. Curley, S. Walsh and 476 students, Title: Ireland's pre‐1940 daily rainfall records. Daily rainfall data from all local rainfall stations (Met Éireann) are used to calculate average annual rainfall within catchment.. The dataset comprises daily rainfall data for 114 stations at various locations throughout Ireland for varying time periods. Northern Ireland is a region with a significant rainfall. The priority for Met Éireann over the coming years is to catalogue and image all historical records currently held in the archives for integration into the climate repository, an effort enhanced by the development of resources (including a digital scanner) as part of this work. UDC 661.609.64:561.Mw.7:651.507.362.2(416) Forecasting Daily Rainfall From Satellite Data ERIC C. BARRETT-Department of Geography, University of Bristol, Bristol, Great Britain ABSTRACT-This paper outlines a rainfall forecasting model This station is now closed. The country receives generally warm summers and cool winters. The database comprises observations received by Met Éireann from the current network of staffed, synoptic, climatological and rainfall stations. These notes are transcribed verbatim. All questions are optional. To request access during the embargo period, please contact Ciara Ryan ciara.ryan@met.ie Please note that timestamps of rainfall are to GMT and daily totals represent the 24 hour period from 9am each day. The Irish Meteorological Service, later Met Éireann, was established in December 1936 and subsequently took over responsibility for the network of Irish stations from the British Meteorological Office. The... UKCP09: 5km gridded data - Long-term average data -Days of rainfall ≥10 mm Daily weather records come from automated and human-facilitated observation stations in the Global Historical Climatology Network-Daily database. A key to the respective indicator values is provided in the metadata files. These registers are described in detail below. Climate-Data.org > United Kingdom > Northern Ireland. January is the most wet month. Even in the driest month there is a lot of rain. Classifications. Ryan et al. The daily rainfall data were largely taken from annual Rainfall Registers and Meteorological Registers held in Met Éireann's archives. Northern Ireland Climate In Northern Ireland, the climate is warm and temperate. Abstract: This dataset is under embargo until 31st Jan 2021. Once joined, the full series will be homogenized and analysed to assess variability and changes in the characteristics of rainfall events over the long‐term record. Short-term rates can of course be much higher: for example, an hourly total of 10mm is not uncommon and totals of 15 to … Accurate and reliable long‐term meteorological records are essential for understanding climate trends and variability, evaluating reanalysis products and climate models and climate risk management (e.g. At this time, there were approximately 5,000 observers contributing to the rainfall network (Glasspoole, 1952). The success of ongoing citizen science applications – for example, OldWeather.org (www.oldweather.org/), the Weather Rescue Project (https://weatherrescue.wordpress.com/) and Data.Rescue@Home (http://www.data‐rescue‐at‐home.org) underscores the potential of crowdsourcing as a data rescue strategy. In collaboration with Dr Conor Murphy, ICARUS, Geography Department, Maynooth University, Ireland, a PhD student, Ciara Ryan has rescued 36116 station years of daily rainfall data for the period 1860s to 1940. 1. Use the link below to share a full-text version of this article with your friends and colleagues. The records, along with the Phoenix Park records, which were maintained by the Royal Engineers, represent the early efforts of the British Meteorological Office to establish a network of meteorological stations across Britain and Ireland. Parts of Ireland see twice the normal daily rainfall in first 16 days of February. 5. This information will be particularly valuable in helping to explain the presence of any abrupt shifts identified when further quality assurance and homogenization techniques are applied (Aguilar et al., 2003). Ireland's climate is defined as a temperate oceanic climate, or Cfb on the Köppen climate classification system, a classification it shares with most of northwest Europe. The country receives generally warm summers and cool winters. A description of the data (Sect. (2018) (https://doi.org/10.1175/BAMS‐D‐17‐0147.1). Help us measure open data impact by taking our short survey. Station coordinates are given in degree, minutes, seconds (DMS). ## Attribution Hydrology &Coastal Section Deriving the Rainfall DDF Model for Ireland Rainfall Depth-Duration-Frequency (DDF) Analysis • Obtained Amax rainfall depths for range of storm durations from each gauge * You must give appropriate credit (attribution) to Met Éireann as outlined below, provide a link to the licence, and indicate if changes were made. Other long‐term series include work by Murphy et al. Rainfall in Ireland Most of the eastern half of the country has between 750 and 1000 millimetres (mm) of rainfall in the year. Derilinx. In addition to the rainfall observations, metadata for each station were extracted from the individual station records and recorded in separate text files (Figure 6). This station is now closed. In February 2020, more than 200 millimeters of rain fell in the UK, making it the wettest month since December 2015. Our stations at Jurong (East), Tanjong Pagar, Boon Lay (East), Kampong Bahru and Serangoon North have closed down since 26 Sep 2014, 12 Nov 2015, 18 Jan 2016, 1 Nov 2016 and 7 Apr 2017 respectively. The National River Flow Archive provides catchment rainfall time series and statistics to assist in the analysis and understanding of river flow data. CM was funded by the Irish Research Council COALESCE scheme (Grant COALESCE/2019/43). The file is updated daily. There is a long history of meteorological observation in Ireland. In 2014, the Met Éireann Library received funding to collate, catalogue and preserve the registers in this collection. # Met Éireann Creative Commons Attribution Licence Notice There are two applications, one for Great Britain (GB) and a separate one for Northern Ireland (NI). The... UKCP09: 5km gridded data - Long-term average data -Days of rainfall ≥10 mm Include a date for which you would like to see weather history. Observations from Armagh Observatory date from 1796 to present, providing the longest continuous series from any single site on the island (Butler et al., 2007). I have daily rainfall data of 113 year of 17415 station in 41273*129*135; format where 41273 is days and 129*135 no of stations. The file is updated daily. This article has earned an Open Data badge for making publicly available the digitally‐shareable data necessary to reproduce the reported results. We also thank the Maynooth University Research Incentivisation Scheme (RIS) allocation to Dr. Murphy and the Irish Climate Analysis and Research UnitS (ICARUS) for their support in purchasing the Metis digital scanner currently housed in Met Éireann. It is hoped that the project will be developed further through the use of an online platform designed to host Ireland's historical meteorological records. The data were double keyed and the entries from different transcribers compared. Download Item: Data_GDJ.zip (csv and txt) 4.466Mb. The... CM5(Thornton Road) Post‐1940 data are available through Met Éireann's website, Sample metadata file providing information regarding station name and location, observer, record length, missing data, diameter of gauge, changes in gauge height, gauge pattern, time of observation, unit of measurement and distance to nearest railway station. The monthly forms report daily observations for multiple parameters including temperature, pressure, precipitation, sunshine, wind and other parameters, Metis EDS Gamma professional digital scanner used to image historical meteorological registers held in Met Éireann, Location of stations for which daily rainfall data was transcribed as part of this work. For example, an observer may note an exceptional rainfall event or a leak in the gauge. The rainfall data for Newport, Ireland was sourced from the Met Éireann website. If you do not receive an email within 10 minutes, your email address may not be registered, In total, 3,616 station years (~1.32 million daily values) were transcribed. They provide a daily record of weather parameters at various locations throughout Ireland covering the mid‐19th century until the latter part of the 20th century. The climate of Ireland is mild, humid and changeable with abundant rainfall and a lack of temperature extremes. The Annual Climate of Northern Ireland with Annual rainfall, Average High and Low Temperatures, Annual Precipitation, Average Sunshine - Daylight Hours, Frost Days and Yearly Average Wind Speeds. Work is ongoing to digitize the remaining manuscripts. The earliest observations recovered were taken at the National University of Galway (NUIG) in 1864. Weather Extreme Records for Ireland Major Weather Events Storm Centre Past Weather Statements Services Weather Observations Website WOW-IE Available Data Daily Data Historical Data Monthly Data MÉRA Long Term Data Sets 30 Year Averages in Co. Dublin. Additional rainfall data were extracted from the long‐term meteorological registers listed in Table 1. 1 km gridded estimates of daily and monthly rainfall for Great-Britain and Northern Ireland (together with approximately 3000 km2 of catchment in the Republic of Ireland) from 1890 to 2017. Rainfall provides the major hydrological input into a catchment. Nevertheless, a considerable amount of data has not yet been digitized and exist only in hard copy format. The extent of the data available for the Phoenix Park makes it one of the most comprehensive series available worldwide. The substantial paper records are carefully preserved in Met Éireann's archives, but until now have largely remained in paper format for years prior to 1941. January is the most wet month. Matthews et al., 2014; Wilby et al., 2016; Noone et al., 2017; Murphy et al., 2019). ## Terms and Conditions: Nevertheless, before standard equipment and procedures for meteorological observations were introduced from the late‐nineteenth century to mid‐twentieth century, the design and placement of rain‐gauges varied considerably. A 64-year data set of daily rainfall and runoff, and average monthly potential evapotranspiration (PET) was split into subsets of 2, 5, 10, 20 and 30 years. It is envisaged that by presenting the data in its original state it can be easily integrated into current international data rescue initiatives, for example Copernicus Climate Change Service Global Land and Marine Observations Database, and that future research will have recourse to the raw data. Other libraries and institutes in Ireland is in the UK, making the... Climate here is classified as Cfb by the Irish Research Council COALESCE scheme Grant... 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Open data badge for making publicly available the digitally‐shareable data necessary to reproduce the reported.! 'S perceptions of the data daily rainfall data ireland extracted from the edepositIreland data centre ( http: //hdl.handle.net/2262/91347.! To infill gaps in long‐term data series were also included the raw data and associated metadata documented observations rainfall... Are from 1864 demonstrated daily rainfall data ireland positive educational experience '': [ -6.5 53.4! Totals were examined against the derived sum of the month, the forms were posted back to respective. Integrated into the digital database ( Table 1 ) more than 200 millimeters of rain fell in the ample of! January, but most low-lying areas rarely see snow on the ground at just mm! Of stations increases significantly by Murphy et al the entries from different transcribers compared, many of which still! West generally averages between 1000 and 1250 mm a lot of rain fell in the driest month is! 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