After the war, she resumed her work and did indeed create the first solar-powered home heating system, designing “Dover Sun House” with architect Eleanor Raymond in the late 1940s. So we went to the OPAC, or Online Public Access Catalog and typed in the name. In 1917 and 1918, these mobile units took more than a million X-rays of injured soldiers. Computer Scientist #4. She continued pushing herself and trying new things even into her later years – learning to snowboard at age 68. She worked for the Lewis Research Center (now Glenn Research Center ) of the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) and its predecessor, the National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics (NACA). She was a part of the team that developed the software for the Centaur rocket stage. Annie Easley. In an oral history interview with NASA, Easley said that her mother told her that anything was possible, saying to her: "You can be anything you want to. Annie Easley at NASA Glenn Research Center. Annie Easley Popularity . Feb 29, 2020 - Image result for what invention did annie easley invent ... Later on I did travel to study space flight. She worked on. We have to thank Annie Easley for the initial code that led to the invention of the battery technology, used for early hybrid vehicles. It was the dawn of the space age and the United States was competing with the Soviet Union. March 16, 2017 Annie Easley, Computer Scientist and Mathematician In 1955, Annie Easley began her career at NASA, then the National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics (NACA), as a human computer performing complex mathematical calculations. Annie Jean Easley (born April 23, 1933 in Birmingham; died June 25, 2011 in Cleveland, Ohio) is a mathematician and computer scientist who helped develop power technology analysis software for the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) . She went from being a human computer to a math technician (as the department received actual computers to do the calculations). Throughout it all, Easley also worked to help others. In short, if it wasn't for Easley and her work on Centaur, modern spaceflight wouldn't be possible. Annie Easley: My Life I was born on April 23, 1933. Feb 29, 2020 - Image result for what invention did annie easley invent. When World War II interrupted that work, she invented and patented an emergency desalination kit that used solar power to make seawater drinkable for pilots and sailors stranded in the vast Pacific. An article in a Cleveland newspaper about twin sisters who worked as “human computers” at NACA caught her eye, she applied there, was hired and the rest is history. Annie Easley (1933-2011) was a computer scientist, mathematician and rocket scientist. Few people are brilliant enough to be a computer programmer or a mathematician. She also co-authored numerous papers about nuclear engines in rockets and she worked on solar, wind and energy projects. All rights reserved. Served as Digital Content Specialist in the Office of Public Affairs. And if that wasn't notable enough, Easley also did all of this as one of the first few African-Americans in her field. During her 34-year career, she worked not only on technologies that led to hybrid vehicles, but also on software that enabled great strides in spaceflight and exploration. She was a founding member and one-term president of the NASA Lewis Ski Club, even though she didn’t start skiing until she was 46. Easley was the daughter of Bud and Willie Sims McCrory of Birmingham. Easley encountered other forms of discrimination too. I researched and helped invent the battery for hybrid vehicles. It took some fighting to get that equal opportunity and we're still fighting today," said Easley. She applied for a position, and just two weeks later, she got the job. An African-American woman born in the deep South in the 1930s, Annie Easley’s aspirations might have been simple: marry, raise a family, perhaps find a bit of work in an office or a hospital. Annie Easley. Taurus. Explore. She worked on shuttle launches that measured destruction of ozone and helped test and design the NASA nuclear reactor at Plum Brook. In 1954, when Jim Crow laws in the South meant blacks had pay a poll tax and take a literacy test to vote, she took it upon herself to teach other African-Americans how to pass it. Then, in 1955, she noticed a story in a newspaper about twin sisters who worked for the nearby National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics (NACA) as human computers -- people who did calculations and computations for engineers. She also worked on the Centaur, a high-energy booster rocket with a mixed liquid hydrogen/liquid oxygen propulsion system. It was also a key factor in the launch of the Cassini spacecraft to Saturn in 1997. Here are some other facts about Annie Easley you might not know: 1000 Independence Ave. SWWashington DC 20585202-586-5000. "Nothing was given to minorities or women. My head is not in the sand. Known as NASA's "workhorse in space," it was used to launch communications, weather, and military satellites and space vehicles, inclu… To celebrate Black History Month, Engadget is running a series of profiles honoring African-American pioneers in the world of science and technology. While other male colleagues had their undergraduate tuition paid for, she had to pay for her courses with her own money. Annie Jean Easley was born in 1933 and raised by her single mother in Birmingham, Alabama. Easley told Johnson: "There was a real pride in Most Popular #45658. It would eventually be used to launch numerous communication and weather satellites as well as exploratory spacecraft like the Surveyor, Pioneer, Viking and Voyager. She worked on Centaur technology at NASA -- a high-energy rocket technology that uses liquid hydrogen and liquid oxygen to boost rockets into space. A “HUMAN COMPUTER” AHEAD OF HER TIME. A âHUMAN COMPUTERâ AHEAD OF HER TIME. Her earliest work involved running simulations for the newly planned Plum Brook Reactor Facility. Easley conducted computations for researchers at NASA, where she was one of the four African-American employees. Annie Easley Fans Also Viewed . Annie Easley, however, was all three. Annie Easley Is A Member Of . Ms. Easley worked through specialization courses offered by NASA. She discovered two new elements, revolutionized our understanding of the atom, and even invented mobile x-ray units for use at the battlefront in WWI. Even fewer can add "rocket scientist for NASA" to their resume. Just stick with it. Easley was only one of about four African-Americans on staff. Despite racial tensions and segregation, Easley rose above, earning top marks and was the valedictorianâ¦ As technology evolved, so did Easley's education. Following her graduation she began working in NASA's Launch Vehicles Division, often traveling to Florida for project reviews in support of both manned and … NACA became NASA. Annie was born into deeply segregated Alabama prior to the Civil Rights movement. Annie J. Easley (April 23, 1933 â June 25, 2011) was an African-American computer scientist, mathematician, and rocket scientist. Annie Easley During her career, Annie Easley participated in the evolution from the âhuman computerâ to computer programming at what today is NASAâs Glenn Research Center in Ohio. When human computers were replaced by machines, Easley evolved along with the technology. . Born In 1933. Don't listen to people who always tell you it's hard, and walk away from it. NACA would eventually become NASA's Lewis Research Center, which then became the John H. Glenn Research Center. Annie Easley (1933-2011) was a computer scientist, mathematician and rocket scientist. Before civil rights laws of the 1960s, Easley helped train African Americans to take the voting test in her home state of Alabama. As you might imagine, that didnât come easy. Art. Charles Babbage. That may be a solution for some people, but it's not mine.". Hired in 1955, she became a programmer when computers became machines, honing her skills in … Carol Shaw Annie Easley: She is an African American computer scientist who worked for the National Aeronautics and Space Administration’s Lewis Research Center. In 1951 she started working at the National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics (NACA), where she was a member of its West Area Computing unit—the West Computers, comprising African American female mathematicians—and Jackson’s supervisor was Dorothy Vaughan. She learned computer programming and how to write code with languages like SOAP and FORTRAN. Annie Easley. Later at NASA, she also worked as an Equal Employment Opportunity counselor, where she educated supervisors about workplace discrimination on not just race and gender, but age as well. Annie Easley. As for her advice to those who want to get in her field? During a laboratory open house, a photo of her and the rest of her co-workers was blown up and put on display -- except her face was deliberately cut out of the picture. Photography Subjects. When she started her career there in 1955, it was called National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics, or NACA. Taurus Scientist #5. In 1957 the Soviets launched Sputnik, the first satellite to orbit the Earth, and the space race became much more intense. Also Known As: Janet Emerson Born: February 12, 1957 in Mansfield, Ohio Education: Alabama A&M University, University of Houston, Rice University Awards and Honors: National Association of Negro Women in Business Crystal Award, Black Inventors Hall of Fame, Houston, Texas Chamber of … She decided then to pursue mathematics as a degree and attended classes full-time at Cleveland State University while also working full-time at NACA. She skied regularly in Colorado, Canada and Europe. Easley had always found math to be an easy and enjoyable subject and so thought the job was very intriguing. She started out studying pharmacy at Xavier University in New Orleans, but dropped out to get married and move to Cleveland. © 2020 Verizon Media. Easley, however, overcame those barriers -- she earned top marks and was the valedictorian of her graduating class, earning her a spot at Xavier University of Louisiana in New Orleans. Back then, schools were racially segregated, with whites and blacks attending different schools, and the latter were often considered inferior. Annie Easley started out as a computer at the Lewis Research Center in Cleveland, Ohio. She also co-authored numerous papers about nuclear engines in rockets and she worked on solar, wind and energy projects. It doesn't matter what you look like, what your size is, what your color is. Annie J. Easley was born in Birmingham, Alabama on April 23, 1933. The university there had just closed its pharmacy program, so she had to look for a different career. Tim Berners Lee. Her skills were also put to use when NASA was developing software for the Centaur, a high-energy booster rocket that is also known as "America's Workhorse in Space." Photography. "Don't give up on it. Feb 29, 2020 - Image result for what invention did annie easley invent. Today we take a look at the life and work of Annie Easley. Annie Easley (April 23, 1933 – June 25, 2011) She is an African-American computer scientist who worked for the National Aeronautics and Space Administration’s Lewis Research Center. Patents and Invention. Although Easley never had a movie made of her life, she was a hidden figure in her own right as a barrier-breaking mathematician and rocket scientist who worked on countless NASA projects for over 30 years. Annie Easley made the jump from "human computer" to computer programmer while working at the mid-century agency of what would become NASA. Most habitable planets may be completely covered in water, Nearby 'super-Earth' may be our best shot yet at finding alien life, Facebook details its plans for a brain-computer interface, Alphabet starts collecting health info to better predict disease, Amazon’s free news app on Fire TV now features local stations, Apple will replace unresponsive iPhone 11 screens for free, The first phone with an under-display camera goes on sale December 21st, The best Cyber Week tech deals you can still get today, National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics (NACA). She said: "When people have their biases and prejudices, yes, I am aware. Funny Height Challenge Pictures. Born in Birmingham, Alabama, in 1933, Easley was raised by a single mother who instilled the value of education at a very early age. She was a leading member of the team which developed software for the Centaurrocket stage, and was one of the first African-Americans to work as a computer scientist at … Easley worked at NASA before it was NASA. First Name Annie. In the town of Birningham,AL. 0 results “I found some things on the internet, but I need a book source,” she told me. A satellite launch that was made possible by Easley's work on the Centaur rocket. This involved analyzing problems and doing calculations by hand. He received his first patent — for a corn planter — on October 14, 1834. NASA. As a black woman born before the Civil Rights Movement, her educational and career opportunities were limited. This, as it happens, was a turning point in her career. Share ... and my worked helped the making of hybrid vehicles and space flight. She worked on Centaur technology at NASA -- a high-energy rocket technology that uses liquid hydrogen and liquid oxygen to boost rockets into space. Some of her assignments included studies in alternative energy, where she analyzed solar and wind technologies, identified energy-conversion systems and determined the life use of storage batteries. Easley wrote the software for the Centaur rocket stage, and her work paved the way for later rocket and satellite launches. Letâs start off Womenâs History Month by talking about Annie Jean Easley. Her work on the latter especially informed the development of batteries that are used today in hybrid vehicles. | Illustration by Carly Wilkins, Energy Department. She majored in pharmacy at first, but after she got married and moved to Cleveland, she was unable to continue her pharmaceutical education. Computer Scientist. Since Easley found math to be an easy and enjoyable subject throughout her life, she felt that this job was very intriguing. “I’m looking for information on Annie Easley.” Do you know Annie Easley? Learn about Annie Easley: her birthday, what she did before fame, her family life, fun trivia facts, popularity rankings, and more. She was a part of the team that developed the software for the Centaur rocket stage. Barbara Askins (born in 1939) In 1981, she invented the Laserphaco probe, which uses lasers to remove cataracts. Her most famous work was on the Centaur rocket. Utilizing a mix of liquid hydrogen and liquid oxygen, the Centaur proved to be the most powerful upper stage in the US space program. Annie Easley (1933 – 2011) was an American mathematician and computer scientist. ", [Image Credit: NASA (Lead photo); Getty Images (Satellite launch)]. Only after she earned her degree did NASA sponsor additional specialized courses. You can be anything you want to, but you do have to work at it.". But my thing is, if I can't work with you, I will work around you. She developed and implemented computer code used in determining energy, wind and solar projects for NASA. I was not about to be discouraged that I'd walk away. During her 34-year career, she worked not only on technologies that led to hybrid vehicles, but also on software that enabled great strides in spaceflight … Easley was raised by a single mother who told her she could do anything she wanted as long as she worked at it. Annie Easley: My Life I was born on April 23, 1933. Annie J. Easley (April 23, 1933 – June 25, 2011) was an African-American computer scientist, mathematician, and rocket scientist. Annie Easley made her invention discovery to upgrade a computer code that analyzed alternative power technologies. In 1955, Easley noticed a story in a newspaper about twin sisters who worked for the National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics (NACA) as human computers — people who did calculations and computations for engineers. Mathematician. Annie was a mathematician, engineer, and NASA rocket scientist in the 60s. A successful farmer, Blair patented two inventions that helped him to boost his productivity. Though embarrassed, she didn't let it get to her. Annie Easley (1933-2011) was a computer scientist, mathematician and rocket scientist. She was one of the first African-Americans to work at NASA as a “computer”. Easley told Johnson: "There was a real pride in She published numerous papers and developed computer programs for a variety of energy projects. Annie J. Easley was born in Birmingham, Alabama on April 23, 1933. I have never heard of her. If you do, I’m impressed. Editor's Note: This article was originally published as part of our Women’s History month celebration in 2016. She was raised by her mother, a great encourager, and excelled in school. She patented the device in 1988, making her the first ever African-American woman to receive a … Annie Easley started out as a computer at the Lewis Research Center in Cleveland, Ohio. Share I died at age 78 in â¦ During Annie Easley's 34-year career, she worked on and contributed to technologies and software that led to hybrid vehicles and great strides in spaceflight and exploration, and she did all of this as one of the first few African-Americans in her field. Computer Scientists. Annie Easley (1933-2011), a rocket scientist who developed software for Centaur, one of NASA's most important high-energy rocket launchers. Rocket Scientist Annie Easley worked at NASA before it was called NASA. First launched successfully in 1963, over the next 30 years it went through further development and was considered one of the Lewis Research Center's greatest achievements. Katherine Johnson. Annie Easley, however, was all three. Known For: Emerson is the first African-American woman to secure a patent for a software invention. During the late 1960s and 1970s Easley worked on nuclear-powered rocket systems. Matteo Farinella. Share ... and my worked helped the making of hybrid vehicles and space flight. What Did Annie Easley Invent Annie Easley Biography Annie Easley Timeline Annie Easley Childhood Annie Easley Nasa Articles & Shopping. Annie Easley was a computer scientist for NASA who took on the role as a âhuman computerâ from 1955 to 1977, doing mathematical computing by hand for researchers. Annie Easley developed and implemented computer code used in determining solar, wind, and energy projects for NASA. ... Later on I did travel to study space flight. An African-American woman born in the deep South in the 1930s, Annie Easleyâs aspirations might have been simple: marry, raise a family, perhaps find a bit of work in an office or a hospital. Annie Easley Computer scientist, mathematician, and rocket scientist, 1933 â 2011 She started her career with the National Advisory Committee on Aeronautics (NACA) in 1955 as a âhuman computerâ who worked out calculations for researchers by hand, relying on tables and large computing machines. First Name Annie #25. In 1957 the Soviets launched Sputnik, the first satellite to orbit the Earth, and the space race became much more intense. Her research on energy usage was used in the Centaur rockets, which laid the foundation for all rocket projects to come thereafter — as well as technologies like hybrid car batteries. Annie Easley. Annie J. Easley (April 23, 1933 – June 25, 2011) was an American computer scientist, mathematician, and rocket scientist. As a black woman born before the Civil Rights Movement, her educational and career opportunities were limited. Her energy assignments have included studies to determine In the town of Birningham,AL. The Centaur was a first-of-its-kind rocket, using a unique fuel system, and its … Share I … I researched and helped invent the battery for hybrid vehicles. Questions about America's first female superstar and her life. It was the dawn of the space age and the United States was competing with the Soviet Union. NACA became NASA. Annie is a mathematician from Cleveland State University. In 1955, Easley began her career as a “human computer,” doing computations for researchers. In 1955, Easley began her career at NASA, then the National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics (NACA), as a human computer performing complex mathematical calculations.
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