2. Best 10 Eastern Cottontail facts, Features, Diet, Behavior Best 15 Checkered Giant Rabbit Facts, size, weight, diet Best 15 Marsh rabbit facts, subspecies, appearance, diet It also lives in a very different type of habitat. Today the New England Cottontail is restricted to less than a fifth of its range in the early 1900s, whereas the Eastern Cottontail can be found throughout New England. Food Skip to Food. They are active year-round and do not hibernate. Habitat The eastern cottontail prefers habitats that are between woody areas and open land. During the summer they have short brown fur with a white belly. State University of New York, College of Environmental Science and Forestry. In winter the cottontail's pelage is more gray than brown. The upper body parts are typically reddish-brown, lower parts are white, and it often has a white spot on the forehead. Eastern cottontail is a herbivore (plant-eater). The eastern cottontail is the most well-known and most widely distributed rab-bit in North Carolina. The kits develop the same coloring after a few weeks, but they also have a white blaze that goes down their forehead; this marking eventually disappears. Some can be different. The eastern cottontail is found from extreme southern Canada south to South America. Generally they shelter in thickets or forms - shallow depressions made in tall grass or scraped in the ground. Cottontail rabbits are called that because the underside of their tails -- which curls up against the lower back -- is white, just like a small piece of cotton. It eats a variety of different plants including grasses, clover, fruits and vegetables. Here are some more fun facts about the Eastern Cottontail: 1. The eastern cottontail is the most well-known and most widely distributed rab-bit in North Carolina. However, individuals in the northern part of its range are larger than those in southern areas. A dense, buffy brown underfur and longer, coarser gray- and black-tipped guard hairs cover the back of the eastern cottontail. Print Image. Written by Kristi L. Sullivan and Megan Hilbert. Cottontail rabbits are among the 20 lagomorph species in the genus Sylvilagus, found in the Americas. Bark, twigs and buds are the only source of food during the winter. Most cottontail rabbits of the genus have a short tail with a white underside that shows when they are running away. The fur pattern and color of the Desert Cottontail blends in quite nicely with the terrain of their native habitats. Eastern cottontail rabbit. There are some few fun facts we have found of this cottontail rabbit. The Eastern Cottontail is is the most common and widespread rabbit in North America, and occurs across the entire state of Tennessee.. She lines it with grass and soft fur she plucked from her own body for insulation. 2014. It has large brown eyes and large ears to see and listen for danger. Some interesting facts about the mammal desert cottontail rabbit, have been presented in this article. Eastern cottontails are named for their short and fluffy tails that look like cotton. They have a body length between 38 and 49 cms (15 - 19.5 inches), a tail length between 2.5 and 7 cms (1 - 2.75 inches) and they weigh between 1 and 1.5 kgs (2.25 - 3.25 lbs). Unlike … The remaining 20 percent have little trouble repopulating the landscape. Unlike the European rabbit, they do not form social burrow systems, but compared with some other leporids, they are extremely tolerant of other individuals in their vicinity. Eastern cottontails have two different fur coats each year. There are some few fun facts we have found of this cottontail rabbit. Eastern cottontail swallows it again to digest it more thoroughly and to extract remaining nutrients. The eastern cottontail is an herbivore. This rabbit undergoes two molts per year. Wander throughout the western United States, be it from eastern Montana to west Texas or west to Central Nevada and southern California and you are sure to find these tiny cute looking rabbits flocking the gardens or in the desert fields. By the early 1900s, most of Pennsylvania's forests had been cleared. Eastern cottontails usually breed from February until September. It is chunky, red-brown, or gray-brown in appearance, with large hind feet, long ears, and a short, fluffy white tail. Pregnancy in female lasts 25 to 35 days and ends with 3 to 8 babies (usually 7). Find eastern cottontail information at Animal Diversity Web; Encyclopedia of Life; eastern cottontail. Eastern cottontail prefers open spaces. NC Wildlife Resource Commission CC BY-SA - 4.0. Eastern Cottontail (Slyvilagus floridanus Allen) From: Saunders, D. A. Females construct their nests alone; these are slanting holes dug in soft soil and lined with vegetation and white fur from their underside. During this time males fight each other to establish a dominance hierarchy and mating priority. Females do not stay in the nest with their kits but return to the opening of the nest to nurse, usually twice a day. S. bachmani – Brush rabbit. An eastern cottontail rabbit hides in thick cover. Eastern cottontail is solitary animal that occupies territory of 5 to 8 acres. Today the New England Cottontail is restricted to less than a fifth of its range in the early 1900s, whereas the Eastern Cottontail can be found throughout New England. Females can have anywhere from 1 to 7 litters per year but usually have 3 to 4. The eastern cottontail is a typical rabbit with long ears and hind legs. S. palustris – Marsh rabbit. Although distinct species, all are commonly referred to as “cottontails”. They are typically about 16.5 inches long and weigh approximately 3 lbs. The Eastern Cottontail has benefitted greatly from land clearance. Generally they shelter in thickets or forms - shallow depressions made in tall grass or scraped in the ground. Female just after giving is ready to mate. Although they are two separate species, these two rabbits look very similar – the Eastern Cottontail is slightly larger, has longer ears, and its eyes are half again as large as the New England Cottontail’s. The IUCN Red List and other sources don’t provide the number of the Eastern cottontail total population size. The eastern cottontail is the most familiar rabbit in Virginia and easily recognized by most Virginians. Desert Cottontail Baby: Cottontails when becoming eighty days old starts to breed. Eastern cottontail can reach the speed of 18 miles per hour and move in a zigzag manner to escape from the predators. There are around 35 subspecies of eastern cottontails that can be found in the eastern parts of North, Central and South America. Its fur is shorter and brown in summer and longer and gray in winter. The Eastern cottontail is the most common rabbit species in North America. Its underside fur is white. Eastern cottontails prefer open grassy areas, clearings, and meadows supporting abundant green grasses and herbs, with shrubs in the area or edges for cover. Regarding predators , it’s a hard-knock life for a cottontail. Cottontail rabbits live in America. Cottontail Rabbit Facts – Habitat and Food. In the winter it eats the woody parts of plants like the twigs and the bark of brambles, birch, oak, dogwood and maple trees. Eastern cottontails are crepuscular to nocturnal feeders and although they usually spend most of the daylight hours resting in their forms, they can be seen at any time of day. It sports a white or light brown … Description. Despite that, population of eastern cottontails is large and stable. Eastern cottontails are popular game animals. Cottontails are rarely come out of their burrows to feed on windy days because the wind interferes with their hearing capabilities. 216pp. Eastern cottontail is small mammal that belongs to the family of rabbits. Its appearance differs from that of a hare in that it has a brownish-gray coloring around the head and neck. 2014. The eastern cottontail measures about 12 to 18 inches long and weighs roughly 2 to 4 pounds (Minnesota DNR 2020; NatureServe 2020). The remaining 20 percent have little trouble repopulating the landscape. The eastern cottontail was introduced to the state from the midwest in the early 1900s. Finally, a handful of species also reside in different parts of South America. The eastern cottontail rabbit is a midsize rabbit that generally resides throughout eastern North America, from Canada to Mexico. Diet . The Eastern Cottontail is one of the most common rabbits in North America. Cottontail rabbits are tiny little things, ranging in size from 15.5 to 18.75 inches, and weighing as little as 28 ounces -- although boys … The Eastern Cottontail is one of the most common rabbits in North America. They are usually found in and around farms including fields, pastures, open woods, thickets associated with fencerows, wooded thickets, forest edges, and suburban areas with adequate food and cover. This is true regardless of the color of the rabbit, which can vary from gray to reddish brown, according to National Geographic. This gives them their name, "cottontails." Its short, fluffy tail is also white, hence the name cottontail. High mortality is a limiting factor for the growth of population. When chased, they run in a zigzag pattern, reaching up to 18 mph (29 km/h). Most active at dusk and dawn; they often remain hidden during the day. Eastern cottontail can be distinguished from the other common lagomorph of eastern Ontario, the snowshoe hare (Lepus americanus), by its smaller size, colouration (it does not turn white in winter as hares do), and physical features (for example, shorter ears). Main predators of eastern cottontails are snakes, owls, hawks, cats, foxes, weasels and coyotes. Wild rye: Gallberry: Kentucky bluegrass: Wild strawberry: Aster: Phlox: Blackberry: Sumac: New Jersey tea : Sassafrass: Cover Skip to Cover. The cottontail must reingest fecal pellets to reabsorb nutrients from its food after this process. cottontails are found in dryland, arid areas., wood & grasslands. They have large eyes and hind feet, brown to light colored fur with a patch of orange along its throat and whitish underside of … The eastern cottontail differs only slightly, with a paler coat, a cinnamon-rust nape, and a narrow black margin extending along the front edge and tip of the ear. Pennsylvania's cottontail rabbit population was relatively small prior to European settlement, when forests covered much of the state. Archaeological evidence indicates that large mammals were the predominant food of southeastern Native Americans. Some interesting facts about the mammal desert cottontail rabbit, have been presented in this article. Wildscreen's Arkive project was launched in 2003 and grew to become the world's biggest encyclopaedia of life on Earth. The underside of the body and tail is white. Cottontail rabbits cannot be tamed. Eastern Cottontail Rabbits (Sylvilagus flori-danus) are among the most common mam-mals in Maryland and one of the easiest to manage. From the Eastern cottontail rabbit adaptations in living style and behavior, one must realize that no matter how small the species, survival is always due to the fittest. Its appearance differs from that of a hare in that it has a brownish-gray coloring around the head and neck. It has a white belly and a fluffy, white tail. They are any of several North and Central American rabbit species of the genus Sylvilagus. Common native rabbit foods. Eastern cottontail can survive up to 3 years in the wild. Eastern cottontail has large eyes, long ears, short front legs, long hind legs and large feet whose soles are covered with fur. Cottontails use open areas with dense cover of shrubs and herbaceous vegetation. Food Skip to Food. The tail is short, fluffy, 30-70 mm (1.2-2.8 in) in length, brown above and white below. Description: A medium-sized mammal with soft fur, large hind legs, long ears, and a fluffy tail. : The most, new, latest, shocking, weird, scary, funny, fascinating, interesting and amazing things | facts in the world. Females can have 1 to 7 litters of 1 to 12 young, in a year; however, they average 3 to 4 litters per year, and the average number of kits is 5. The digestion of these substances is made possible by caecal fermentation. It usually inhabits fields, meadows, swamps, deserts, prairies and farms (where it can produce significant damage). The Eastern cottontail is the most common rabbit species in North America. Cottontail rabbits live in America. 1988. Eastern cottontail can be distinguished from the other common lagomorph of eastern Ontario, the snowshoe hare (Lepus americanus), by its smaller size, colouration (it does not turn white in winter as hares do), and physical features (for example, shorter ears). There is a rusty patch on the tail. “The Eastern Cottontail is a real habitat generalist, very adaptable, including in human modified environments,” Wirsing said. The exact time of breeding depends on the temperature, food, and light. However, this feature is not present in all cottontails nor is it unique to the genus. On average they can litter for 3-4 times in a year, with 3-9 young ones. They begin independent life at the age or 4 to 5 weeks and start to breed at the age of 2 to 3 months. 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